Research, quality improvement and implementation approaches

Data analysis on the role of the Independent Prescriber in Physiotherapy led spasticity clinics

The purpose of this project was to demonstrate the positive impact an Independent Prescriber Physiotherapist could have on the service delivery in outpatient spasticity clinics. The project aimed to demonstrate reduced patient waiting times for review appointments, reduced cost per appointment and demonstrate high patient satisfaction.  The overdue waiting period for spasticity reviews is a long standing problem for the spasticity service and on the Trust risk register. Historically spasticity clinics were managed in multidisciplinary team (MDT) clinics involving a Consultant and a Physiotherapist. A proposal was put forward to the team and agreed. This proposal was for a single Physiotherapist Independent Prescriber, with experience in management of spasticity and neuropathic pain, to set-up a pilot period of Independent Physiotherapy led spasticity review clinics.

Clinical Outcomes Review within a Musculoskeletal (MSK) Risk Stratified Model of Care

Measuring the clinical effectiveness of all healthcare services is a fundamental component of evaluating the impact care has on the service user. A community-based MSK physiotherapy service in Mid Essex has been using a validated and multi-dimensional outcome tool, the Musculoskeletal Health Questionnaire (MSK-HQ), since April 2017 to evaluate clinical effectiveness.

The service also recognised the importance of working in different ways to improve efficiency and matching treatments based on prognostic subgroups (stratified care) has been shown to be both clinically and cost-effective in the management of low back pain using the STarT Back Screening Tool.  However, risk stratified care for all MSK disorders is in its relative infancy, with the Keele STarT MSK Tool yet to be fully validated scientifically, although Keele University granted permission for the MSK physiotherapy service to use the tool for clinical purposes in April 2018. 

The service was therefore able to collect data from all appropriate MSK patients receiving treatment from April 2018 to March 2019 to evaluate whether good clinical outcomes and positive patient experience were demonstrated whilst delivering a more efficient risk-stratified care approach.

Referral from primary care musculoskeletal services to Accident and Emergency for suspected cauda equine syndrome

Cauda equine syndrome (CES) is a medical emergency, requiring immediate referral for investigation and early surgical decompression for a favourable outcome (1). Southern Health NHS Foundation Trust (SHFT) musculoskeletal services manage suspected CES with immediate referral to accident and emergency (A&E) at the University of Southampton NHS Trust (UHS) where urgent imaging and surgical decompression can take place.

This evaluation aimed to describe the demographics and clinical features of referred patients, plus summarise the medical management and clinical outcome following A&E examination.

Student-Led Neurological Rehabilitation Group

Adults with long-term neurological conditions have low levels of participation in physical activities and report many barriers to exercise. This study used a mixed methods approach to evaluate participant experiences and outcomes following participation in student-led, community-based neurological groups and to explore the feasibility of performing a full-scale study.

Using ANGEL taxonomy to triage referrals in Ceredigion community physiotherapy

To evaluate whether service improvements could be made to our community physiotherapy service through clinical streaming of patient referrals using underlying principles complexity science to consistently deploy the most appropriate member of the physiotherapy team to meet the needs of patients and improve the effectiveness of our service.

Oxygen and Non-Invasive Ventilation Pathways in an Adult Cystic Fibrosis Centre

Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a genetically inherited condition affecting more than 10,000 people in the United Kingdom. A progressive cycle of infection and lung damage occurs. Worsening lung function results in hypoventilation and ultimately leads to respiratory failure that may require supplementary oxygen and/or mechanical support such as Non-Invasive Ventilation (NIV). Guidelines support the use of NIV for nocturnal hypoventilation, hypercapnic respiratory failure and as a bridge to transplant. At the time of development, there were no published guidelines on the use of oxygen therapy in CF and no published pathways on the set up and management of supplementary oxygen or NIV in CF. This special interest report documents the development of separate oxygen and NIV pathways through interdisciplinary working in an adult CF centre.

Objective To develop pathways for supplementary oxygen and the set up and management of NIV in an adult CF centre.

Stroke rehabilitation quality improvement plan

Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust (OHFT) committed to a Stroke Quality Improvement (QI) Project to enhance the quality of rehabilitation for patients on the Oxfordshire Stroke Pathway. Following poor performance in the national indicators Sentinel Stroke National Audit Program (SSNAP) and local Key Performance Indicators (KPIs), the Stroke Quality meeting was initiated by the physiotherapy team to review care and develop a multi-professional improvement plan. Aligning service provision with that recommended in the 2016 Royal College of Physicians National Stroke Guidelines required consolidation of two stroke units, 14 miles apart, into one specialist stroke rehabilitation ward. This abstract outlines key objectives of the QI project, describe progress to date, and evaluates the impact on quality delivery and patient outcomes so far. The objective is to share positive experiences and challenges encountered during the project.

Management of Motor Neurone Disease (MND) clients in their own homes

A service for clients with MND was developed over the past 5 years within VCRS to allow this group of service users easy access to the multidisciplinary team (MDT) throughout the duration of their illness.

We are interested in improving the coordination, communication and care of patients with MND, from diagnosis to end of life, supported by NICE (2016) and MNDA guidelines. We developed individual speciality pathways to encourage prudent healthcare and bridged links in service provision to reduce individual therapy visits, duplication of referrals and assessments and ineffective communication within VCRS and the wider MDT.

The purpose of the service evaluation was to examine if the current service provision actually meets the needs of the service users and their families. We also wanted to identify areas which require further improvement.

We are keen to share this piece of work to demonstrate how existing practices can be altered in order to provide a more prudent and equitable service to this group of clients.

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